Chief Pathfinder

Info borrowed from various sites on the internet.

Perhaps this is the Indian ancestry we have always heard we had?


by Takatoka

During a war between the white man and American Indians between 1790 and 1803, in what would become the state of Kentucky, a band of Overhill Cherokee warriors of the Red Paint clan captured a group of white soldiers and brought them to their Chief Pathkiller.

One of the captives was a young soldier by the name of Moore. Chief Pathkiller stood the white soldiers in front of the tribal council who sentenced young Moore to be bound and burned at the stake the following day. That evening the warriors celebrated their victory by dancing and drinking the white man's whiskey until at last every warrior was in a deep sleep.

Chief Pathkillers' pretty young daughter, who was attracted to the handsome Moore, put together a plan to free Moore. Seeing the exhausted warriors were not an immediate threat, she led a pony from the camp, silently loading the pony's back with a few supplies. Then, she quietly slipped up to the prisoners, cut the bonds of Moore, gave him moccasins for his feet and together they slipped out of camp.

Retrieving the pony, they began their perilous journey. Traveling by night and hiding in daylight they cautiously made their way deep into the wilderness. Chief Pathkiller was furious. He and a large war party set off in pursuit. The warriors were often seen riding over a mountain ridge while Pathkiller's daughter and Moore were concealed below another ridge. The angry Chief and his men often came close to where his daughter and Moore were hiding.

The two fugitives survived by eating berries and herbs and whatever other raw food they found. Building a campfire was not possible. Then bad weather came with a fury. Snow blanketed the forest and for many days they were afraid to move out of hiding for fear of leaving tracks in the snow. In desperation and near starvation, they killed their pony for food.

As the weather finally cleared after several days, the two set out again. After several weeks, they finally reached the safety of a white settlement.

Pathkiller's daughter gave up her Indian identity and married Moore. Nancy Ann "Polly" Pathkiller-Moore and Robert A./Alec Moore had eight children. Polly Pathkiller Moore died in Tennessee. Her husband preceded her in death.

Pathkiller died in 1827 in Hamilton County, Tennessee. He is buried near the Tennessee and Georgia state line. An historical monument of Chief Pathkiller stands at the corner of the two states.

The children of Nancy Ann "Polly" Pathkiller and Robert Moore were:

Andrew Moore, 1804 - 1890, Lawrenceburg, Missouri
Alec (Jack) Moore
Lucinda Moore
Samuel A. Moore, 1805 - 1856, Knox County, Tennessee
Nancy Moore
Rachel Tabith Moore, March 4,1814 TN. (D) March 10,1887 Camden Co. Mo. Cem./Decaturville Cemetary. Buried by her husband John Calvin.
Polly Moore (Hollngsworth)
Martha Moore

The daughter of Stand Watie, who signed the Treaty of New Echota, married Charles Moore Woodall. Woodall was the son of Ellen (Aisley) Moore Woodall who appears on the Old Settler's Payment Roll. Ellen was the daughter of Charles (Shooter) Moore who also signed the Treaty of New Echota with Stand Watie. Charles Moore, whose Cherokee name meant Shooter, may have been related to the English clan of Robert A.(?) Moore. (One objection to the assertion that Robert A. Moore was related to Charles Moore has been received from a descendant. No proof of the objection was provided.)

About the time of the Removals, many Cherokee and other indigenous people denied their Indian blood quantum. A white trustee was often assigned to take charge of a person and all his/her property if one was more than 1/4 Indian blood. The Cherokee clan of Nancy Ann "Polly" Pathkiller were fortunate they did not lose their lives to white greed because they were connected to whites (Robert A./ Alec Moore) by marriage. They were unfortunate as they were forced to leave their farms before finally resting in Arkansas as Black Dutch.

The Chief Pathkiller and Colonel Pathkiller Connection

Evidence is emerging that indicates the Chief Pathkiller of the Cherokee Nation and Colonel Pathkiller of the Cherokee Nation are not the same person.

Here is what Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia has to say about Chief Pathkiller:

"Pathkiller, (1749 to January 1827), was the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, fought in the Revolutionary War for Britain and in the wars against American frontiersmen from 1783 through 1794. Pathkiller, a "fullblood," unacculturated Cherokee, became principal chief in 1811 and was the last individual from a conservative background to hold that office. Although Pathkiller remained principal chief through 1827, authority in the Cherokee Nation, after 1813, shifted to Charles Hicks.... Pathkiller was the mentor to John Ross, identifying the young Cherokee of Scotch-Irish descent as the future leader of the Cherokee people. Pathkiller is buried in New Echota Cemetery in New Echota, Georgia."

The headstone at Echota gives the date of "Col. Pathkiller". Are Chief Pathkiller and Colonel Pathkiller one and the same person, or is it just coincidence that both Chief Pathkiller and Chief Pathkiller died one year apart?

"The Cherokee Minute Docket of the 4th Commission, Pages 72, 168, 246, 269 and 445" lists information and names of the lawyers who represented "PathKiller's heirs to Reservation #165". On page 445, decree 715 it list the heir as "Sarah Pathkiller, the daughter of Pathkiller, who is now married to James T. Gardenhire".

"Pathkiller was head of the tribe in name only. Men like the aging Charles Hicks and John Ross were the real power-brokers, and they were united in their stand to create a Cherokee Nation."

Both men have the same name but there are two different burial locations. Chief Pathkiller had a daughter by the name of Nancy Ann "Polly" Pathkiller who is rumored to have run-off with a white solider by the name of Robert A. / Alec Moore. Both Colonel Pathkiller and Chief Pathkiller lived at St Clair, AL.

A book entitled, "History of Hamilton Co. TN, Vol. 1, page 44" by Zella Armstrong" says that Chief Pathkiller was Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation on January 8, 1827 when he died. Assistant Chief Broom, born 1796, was secretary of the Council in 1818 and treasurer succeeded Pathkiller on January 8, 1827. In the History of St. Clair, Alabama, page 30" states, "Chief Pathkiller died January 8, 1827". It says that Chief Pathkiller was Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation on January 8, 1827 when he died. Assistant Chief Broom, born 1796, was secretary of the Council in 1818 and treasurer succeeded Pathkiller on January 8, 1827.

Chief Pathkiller is presumed to have been married to a full-blood Cherokee woman named Peggy. In the "Records of St. Clair County, Alabama, page 18", it says, "Peggy Pathkiller's settlement of estate, Oct. 31, 1833 was paid to her heirs: $455 to daughter Nancy, $375 to Nelly, $450 to Crying Snake. To Quata and George Cammell, $1,200; to Eustace $300, to Jenny $1188.60; to Qualocoo and Beaver Tail $100 and to Charqahyooca and Richard Rarliff $300."

Colonel Pathkiller is buried at the New Echota Cemetery in New Echota, Georgia. A monument of Chief Pathkiller stands today at the intersection of the Georgia and Tennesee state lines at Calhune, Georgia.

Harvey L. Moore of Missouri is related to Ailsey Pathkiller and her marriages to William Gardenhire and Taylor Eldridge. U'ga'lo'gv "Leaf" also known as Nellie Pathkiller married Dragging Canoe. She thought to be the daughter of either Chief Pathkiller or Colonel Pathkiller.

Acccording to Moore, "...I visited the Pathkiller burial site at New Echota in Calhoun, GA and then went on to view the library files. I found it odd that burial site of "Col. Pathkiller" was once quoted in a local 1930 Chattanooga, TN newspaper as being the tomb of an "unknown Indian". However, to make it more confusing, the records at New Echota says in the 1920s the Calhoun Womens League erected the headstone monument for "Col. Pathkiller" at the [present day] tomb site, so why in 1930 is he suddenly "unknown?"

"The headstone of the monument broke at one point and noted an order form from the 1980's form for a new headstone. The original, broken stone is now in storage at New Echota, said Moore.

"The Treaties with the Cherokee, dated 1816-1819, is signed by Pathkiller a Pathkiller, Jr. [See Ratified Treaty of 1819.] There is no other mention of him after that date. Could this have been Col. Pathkiller and later Chief Pathkiller or is it the latter with Archilla who would have been very young at that time?," asked Moore.

Moore asks, were Chief Pathkiller and Colonel Pathkiller the same person?

Some records indicate the birth dates for Chief Pathkiller and Colonel Pathkiller are twenty plus years apart, but the death dates are but a single year apart.

"I have done a good bit of document gathering on Chief Pathkiller and found nothing so far that might disprove my current theory that Colonel Pathkiller (1742-1827) may have been the father of Chief Pathkiller (1764-1828, aka Pathfinder.

If my theory is correct, Chief Pathkiller and Peggy had at least 7 children (Chief Nunnaâ hi-Dihiâ, Nancy Ann "Polly", U'ga'lo'gv "Leaf" "Nellie", Quatee [Eliza?], Charwahyooca "Peggy", Jennie/Jenny, and You'choo'howee'yuh "Bear Meat"). Together, Colonel Pathkiller and Sookey had at least three children: Ailsey, son Archilla, and Sarah. I believe all were Red Paint Clan of the Overhill Cherokee.

"Again, this is only my theory and nothing etched in stone. I gladly welcome any comments with factual evidence to disprove the theory."

 NOTE: See email below with more info for Chief Pathkiller's ancestors. 


Birth: 1742 Death: Jan., 1827
Cherokee Chief. Born it present day Alabama, he rose to the chieftainship of Gun'-di'ga-duhun'yi or Turkey Town, the largest of the Cherokee settlements and a principal chief of the Cherokee Nation by 1811. From October 1813 to April 1814 Pathkiller served as a colonel the regiment of Cherokees commanded by Col. Gideon Morgan during the Red Stick War which culminated in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in March 1814. Pathkiller remained principle chief among the Cherokee through a progressive era, a staunch conservative, his power was eventually eroded by Cherokee leaders of mixed ancestry and liberal inclination. When Pathkiller died, John Ridge, succeeded him and served as executor of Pathkiller's estate, which included a ferry on the Coosa River in Turkey Town, one hundred acres of cleared land, a peach and apple orchard, and a large house with several outbuildings including slave quarters. Pathkiller's grave is reportedly located at the Garrett Cemetery on a high bluff overlooking the Coosa River, although other reports put his grave at the cemetery at New Echota, Georgia.


Sign reads: On the hilltop, 100 yards to the south, is the cemetery for the village of New Echota. The marked graves are those of Pathkiller, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation until his death in 1827 and a colonel in Morgan's regiment in the War of 1812, and Harriet Gold Boudinot, born in Connecticut in 1805, wife of Elias Boudinot, editor of the Cherokee Phoenix. One of the unmarked graves is that of Jerusha Worcester, infant daughter of Samuel and Ann Worcester, the mission family at New Echota.    (by Evening Blues)


 (by Evening Blues)

(by Paul Ridenour)


"Indian Table Tomb" of Chief Pathkiller (by Iktomi)

(by Iktomi)

Col. Pathkiller
Morgan's Cherokee Regt
War of 1812
1742 - 1827
"Path Killer" actually served as a colonel from 7 October 1813 to 11 April 1814 with other Cherokees in the "Regiment of Cherokees Commanded by Colo. Gideon Morgan in the division Commanded by Major General Cocke & Jackson in the Service of the United States against the Hostile Creeks", which culminated in the battle at Horseshoe Bend.

 (by Evening Blues)

Located east of Calhoun off GA 225. Near the New Echota Historic Site. Cemetery is 0.8 mile from Hwy 225, located in a wooded area and can only be reached by walking, being reached by following trail signs up a small hill. It is approximately 100 yards from the road.


I received this info in an email from Harvey Moore April 27, 2008


Moytoy/Pathkiller/Moore Family

Chief Amadohivi Moytoy I - born 1640 NC. of Chota died 1730 NC (in ???? _1730 Chief of the Cherokee), married Quatisi of Tellico


1. Tistoe I Moytoy born 1680 NC died????

2. Nancy Moytoy born 1683 NC. married White Owl Raven born 1680 died????

3. Chief Agonunisti Moytoy II born 1686 NC. died 1741 NC. (Chief of the Cherokee in 1730-1760) Wolf Clan, married  Smallpox Conjuror (of Tellico)

4. Chief (Uku) (Old Hopp) born 1690 died 1761 (Chota Cherokee Nation)


(1). Outacite (Skiagusta)

(2). Chief Aganstata (Groundhog Sausage) Oconostata born1702 NC, died 1785 NC (Chief of the Cherokee in 1775-1780) Stalking Turkey. He married 1st. a Cherokee woman (of Paint Clan), m. 2nd Oo-Loo-Sta (I) of the (Piant Clan)

Children of first marriage were:

A. Ollie (or) Nionee (Moytoy) born 1720 married “Little Carpenter”

B. Oconostota (Moytoy) (daughter) born 1720

C. The Terrapin (Moytoy) born 1736 died 1796

Children of the 2nd marriage:

D. Chief Nunnadihi Pathkiller (Moytoy) born 1742 NC. died Jan 8, 1827 TN. (in 1811-1827 Chief of the Cherokee) "aka Chief Pathfinder" married Peggy (woman of the Red Paint Clan of The Overhill Cherokee NC.) 

Goverment document signed by the Chief for 6 months as a Colonel for Observation and to lead the Indian (Cherokee) in the US military forces to work side by side with the whites. None combative duty 2nd in command from  Oct 7, 1813 to Apr 11, 1814 War at Horse Shoe Bend TN.


(a). Chief Nunnaa hi-Diha, Jr. born about 1764, died 1834 near Old Fort Wayne, Arkansas, married Sookie Martin, a white woman.


1. Archilda

2. Alcey

3. Sarah

(b). Nancy Ann (Polly)

(c). U’ga’lo’gv “Leaf” “Nellie”

(d). Quatee (Elizabeth)

(e). Charwahvooca “Peggy”

(f). Jennie / Jenny

(g). You’choo’howee’yuh “Bear Meat” married Sara ___


1. Black Bear Meat 1821

2. Sarah Bear Meat born 1822

3. Oo doo lah do nah born 1826

4. Gah nung to be born about 1831

5. Oo le sa go ge duh born 1836

E. Ghi-Go-Ne-Li (Moytoy)

F. Oo-Loo-Sta (II) (Moytoy)

G. Chief Tekamih (Moytoy)

(3). Skalilosken (Kitegista, Kittagusta) born 1708 died. ‘after’ 1788


Harvey Moore and Ace Murray have provided the 2 documents below. 

From the National Archives and are records of the Creek are 1813-1814 in which it was negotiated that in order for a regiment to be formed from the Cherokee Nation that Pathkiller would be installed as Honorary Colonel and second in command.  Also attached a Power of Attorney with Pathkillerʼs Mark.  This Pathkiller did not take part in warrior actions but was supervisory, there is a myth that he took three Creek prisoner.  If this event occurred it was not by this Elder but by a younger Pathkiller.  The last military action that The Pathkiller saw was during the Revolutionary War under Dragging Canoe.  



Here are a few sites of interest: